Gearfuse Almanac: January 11 in Science and Technology

In 1787, the German-born English astronomer Frederick William Herschel found two moons orbiting Uranus (which he also had discovered, in 1781); his son later named them Titania and Oberon after the queen and king of the fairies in Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream


 
 
 
In 1935, Amelia Earhart embarked on a solo trip from Hawaii to California, the first trans-Pacific flight made by a woman; here she is preparing for her 1937 round-the-world flight, from which she would not return:


 
 
 
And in 1964, Surgeon General Luther Leonidas Terry released Smoking and Health, the U.S. Government’s first official acknowledgment of scientific evidence for the dangers of tobacco smoking.

Image of Titania via NASA Images; embedded audio of the Philadelphia Orchestra’s 1918 recording of Mendelssohn’s Midsummer Night’s Dream and film of Amelia Earhart via archive.org; image of the surgeon general’s 1964 announcement via the National Institutes of Health.

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